"Capital of Peruvian Folklore"
Puno (San Carlos de Puno, November 4, 1668) is a city in southeastern Peru, capital of the department of Puno and province of Puno.
His Virgen de la Candelaria Festivity was declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco on November 27, 2014.
The city of Puno according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics is the twenty-second most populous city in Peru and in 2017 it housed a population of approximately 135,288 inhabitants. Its extension covers from the populated center of Uros Chulluni to the northeast, the urban area of the Paucarcolla district to the north, the urbanization Ciudad de la Humanidad Totorani to the northwest (road to Arequipa) and extends to the populated center of Ichu to the south and the Mi Perú community to the southwest (road to Moquegua).
The physical space is comprised from the west shore of Lake Titicaca, in the inner bay of Puno (formerly Paucarcolla), on a slightly undulating surface (the central part), surrounded by hills. The upper part of the city has a semi-flat surface (Mi Perú Community, Yanamayo). Oscillating between 3810 to 4050 meters (between the banks of the lake and the highest parts). Puno is one of the highest cities in Peru and the fifth in the world. It currently has an area of 1566.64 ha, which represents 0.24% of the territory of the province of Puno.
Meet Puno and the magical Lake Titicaca!
Puno (Aymara & Quechua: Punu) is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca. It is the capital city of the Puno Region and the Puno Province with a population of approximately 140,839 (2015 estimate). The city was established in 1668 by viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro as capital of the province of Paucarcolla with the name San Juan Bautista de Puno. The name was later changed to San Carlos de Puno, in honor of king Charles II of Spain. Puno has several churches dating back from the colonial period; they were built to service the Spanish population and evangelize the natives.
As Puno is located at such a high elevation, it experiences more extreme weather conditions than would be expected for its tropical latitude. The average annual temperature is about 8.4 °C, and the weather never gets overly warm. During the winter months from June to August, night-time temperatures usually drop well below 0 °C. At this high altitude, the rays of the sun are very strong. Most of the annual precipitation falls during the southern hemisphere summer, with the winter months being very dry.
It is located between the geographical coordinates 15 ° 50′15 ″ S 70 ° 01′18 ″ W. Its extension covers from the populated center of Uros Chulluni to the northeast, the urban area of the Paucarcolla district to the north, the urbanization Ciudad de la Humanidad Totorani to the northwest (road to Arequipa) and extends to the populated center of Ichu to the south and the community “Mi Perú” to the southwest (road to Moquegua).
The physical space is comprised from the west shore of Lake Titicaca, in the inner bay of Puno (formerly Paucarcolla), on a slightly undulating surface (the central part), surrounded by hills. The upper part of the city has a semi-flat surface (Mi Perú Community, Yanamayo). Oscillating between 3,810 to 4,050 meters above sea level (between the banks of the lake and the highest parts). Puno is one of the highest cities in Peru and the fifth in the world.
Located in an area shared by Peru and Bolivia, this navigable lake is distinguished by its large dimensions: an approximate area of 8,490 km² and a maximum depth of 280 meters.
On its shore it houses the folkloric capital par excellence of Peru, the city of Puno. Founded in 1666, its population is 60,000 inhabitants, mostly Aymara, but conservative of the Spanish legacy in its artistic and cultural expressions. The population that lives around the lake is mainly dedicated to fishing and handicrafts, being the totora canoes characteristic of the area.
The waters of the lake gather in total 36 islands, being within the Peruvian territory the largest: the islands of the Uros, Taquile and Amantaní. The lake has a navigation system that keeps Peru and Bolivia in contact by vessels that connect the Peruvian port of Puno with the Bolivian city of Huaqui.
tourism in puno
Within the national tourism development, the city of Puno has developed an important tourism industry making it the fourth city that receives the largest flow of foreign tourists after Cuzco, Lima and Arequipa, for being immersed within the most important receptive tourist circle of the country , which is Lima-Cuzco, both ways. In 2011, it received a total of 298,788 tourists, 105,709 of them were nationals and 193,079 tourists were foreigners.
It should be noted that in the biggest festival in Peru (Feast of the Virgin Candelaria) that takes place in February, 20 793 visitors were concentrated, of which 11 716 were national tourists and 9 077 were foreigners.
In this context and due to the high content of natural assets and natural resources, the department of Puno has become a tourist destination, because it has infrastructure, attractions, services, and support.
San Juan Church
Puerto de Puno
chucuito and the temple of fertility
Uros floating islands
Folklore & CUlture
Declared by UNESCO “CULTURAL AND IMMATERIAL HERITAGE OF HUMANITY”, Every year the biggest patron feast in all of Peru is celebrated, in homage to the Virgin of the Candelaria, Patroness of Puno. It is a manifestation of religious syncretism that links the Catholic faith and Andean religiosity. The celebration of the virgin is associated with the celebration of the pachamama or “mother earth”
The party takes place day after day during the first two weeks of February. In that party more than 40,000 dancers and 9,000 musicians from all over the department, cheer and decorate the streets of Puno. This unparalleled show could be considered as a unique example of the cultural richness of the South American Andes.
The magnitude and significance of the party has contributed to the National Institute of Culture by R.D. N ° 655/03 of September 2, 2003, declare the Feast of the Virgin of the Candelaria de Puno, as Cultural Patrimony of the Nation, for being an expression of the traditional manifestations of the living culture that characterizes the settled communities in the southern highlands of Peru, and that contributes to regional and international identity.
The renowned ethnologist and writer José María Arguedas, the most important in Peru, described Puno on March 17, 1967 as “the other Capital of Peru” and would be designated on November 7, 1985 by Decree Law No. 24325 as “Capital of Peruvian Folklore “Puno receives denominations and titles, since it has more than 350 dances according to the National Institute of Culture. It also highlights the variety of songs, dresses and masks that represent characters emerged from centuries-old legends that make Puno folklore the flag of Peruvian folklore.
Peru Travel information
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(UTC/GMT -5 hours)
Lima, Peru`s Capital City
Peru`s Population: Approx. 31 million
Official Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Official Currency: Peruvian Sol
12 designated UNESCO sites