The spectacled bear: (Tremarctos ornatus),
Also known as the Andean bear, Andean short-faced bear, or mountain bear and locally as jukumari (Aymara) and ukumari (Quechua) or ukuku, is the last remaining short-faced bear (subfamily Tremarctinae).
Its closest relatives are the extinct Florida spectacled bear, and the giant short-faced bears of the Middle to Late Pleistocene age (Arctodus and Arctotherium).
Spectacled bears are the only surviving species of bear native to South America, and the only surviving member of the subfamily Tremarctinae. The species is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN because of habitat loss.